Benjamin Franklin
1706 - 1790

Franklin wrote the following after a large group of innocent Indians were massacred because of the actions of others from another Tribe:

"If an Indian injures me, does it follow that I may revenge that Injury on all Indians?

"It is well known that Indians are of different Tribes, Nations and Languages, as well as the White People.

"In Europe, if the French, who are White People, should injure the Dutch, are they to revenge it on the English, because they too are White People?

"The only Crime of these poor Wretches seems to have been, that they had a reddish brown Skin, and black Hair; and some People of that Sort, it seems, had murdered some of our Relations.

"If it be right to kill Men for such a Reason, then, should any Man, with a freckled Face and red Hair, kill a Wife or Child of mine, it would be right for me to revenge it, by killing all the freckled red-haired Men, Women and Children, I could afterwards any where meet with."

Chapter 1 | Chapter 2 | Chapter 3 | Chapter 4 | Chapter 5 | Chapter 6 | Chapter 7
Chapter 8 | Chapter 9 | Chapter 10 | Chapter 11 | Chapter 12 | Chapter 13 |Chapter 14 
Chapter 10

We Were Not the Savages - Dispossession and the Imposition of Poverty

The cruelty the British used to subjugate and then degrade the Mi’kmaq vividly demonstrates that their policy of ridding the province of them never deviated from 1713 to Canada’s founding in 1867. However, their genocidal effort in Nova Scotia wasn’t unusual; they used the same barbarism subjugating other First Nations in all of their North American colonies. The records show that many high English officials were very imaginative in finding ways to achieve their evil goals.

The following is an excellent example of their racist mentality in action. In July 1763, General Jeffery Amherst, the Commander-in-Chief of British forces in North America, sent a memo to Colonel Henry Bouquet, a Huguenot in the service of England, asking:

“Could it not be contrived to send the Smallpox among the disaffected Tribes of Indians?”

Bouquet replied: “I will try to inoculate the Indians with some blankets that may fall into their hands, and take care not to get the disease myself.”

Amherst answered: “You will do well to try to inoculate the Indians by means of blankets.”

Amherst’s contempt for the Indians is amply reflected in his journals and correspondence, though it may perhaps be doubted whether he was more bigoted than the average official of his Time!1

An “execrable race”2 was the General Amherst’s favourite description for the Amerindians; Colonel Bouquet’s favourite was “the vilest of brutes.”3 This racist language clearly reveals that White supremacist beliefs were prime factors in their desire to commit genocide. Lawrence Shaw Mayo states in his biography of Amherst:

As he sped on his way to the relief of Fort Pitt, the Colonel exchanged interesting suggestions with the General as to the most efficient manner of getting rid of the redskins. His first orders to Bouquet were that he wished “to hear of no prisoners should any of the villains be met with arms.” Besides using smallpox the two gentlemen contemplated another method: “As it is a pity to expose good men against them, I wish we could make use of the Spanish method, to hunt them with English dogs.” Amherst lamented that “the remoteness of merry England made the canine aid impracticable.”4

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