Marc Lescarbot, a French lawyer, articulated this warped Christian law in his explanation of France's right to Acadia in 1618:

"The earth pertaining, then, by divine right to the children of God [Christians], there is here no question of applying the law and policy of Nations, by which it would not be permissible to claim the territory of another. This being so, we must possess it and preserve its natural inhabitants, and plant therein with determination the name of Jesus Christ, and of France." (pg. 74 - We Were Not the Savages)


Chapter 1 | Chapter 2 | Chapter 3 | Chapter 4 | Chapter 5 | Chapter 6 | Chapter 7
Chapter 8 | Chapter 9 | Chapter 10 | Chapter 11 | Chapter 12 | Chapter 13 |Chapter 14 
Chapter 1

We Were Not the Savages - Civilization, Democracy and Government

The Need for a Native American Historical Perspective

The reason for the urgent need for First Nations histories penned by First Nations authors was articulated to me by Chuck LeCain, a retired highschool history teacher of thirty-one years: “‘Until the lion has his historian, the hunter will always be the hero’ (unknown author). For more than a decade you have been the lion’s historian. Take pride in knowing that you have assisted countless others, not only to review, but to re-think history. I gained greatly from your writings. Wela’lin!” (Personal memo, March 18, 2005).

To begin this chronicle, I would like to explain the need for a Native American historical perspective and also my use of certain historical references. The subjugation of the Northeastern North American Native American nations by the English Crown was accomplished with the use of much barbarity. Not surprisingly, these actions have been studiously ignored or downplayed by most Caucasian male historians. However, their reluctance to enter into honest discussion and critically comment on the matter does not obscure the facts that the documents and journals left behind by colonial English and French scribes irrefutably prove: the blood of the citizens of the Mi’kmaq, Maliseet and their smaller sister nations, located in what is today eastern Canada and the New England states of the United States of America, was spilled by the English to the point where many were left on the verge of extinction or had passed into it.

The same historical documents also prove beyond a reasonable doubt that supposedly “civilized” colonial English politicians and military personnel used means of terror against First Nations peoples which would repel truly civilized people. Thus, the reluctance of most Caucasian male scribes to discuss and put to paper the details of such behaviour is understandable. To do so is to question the very civility of those who perpetrated the atrocities. As a person who has no such reluctance to expose the crimes against humanity committed by the English, I wrote this book. It details a chronicle of a people’s inhumanity that has few, if any, equals in human history.

When amassing the information that was needed to write about the English invasion of the territory of the Mi’kmaq, reams of information about the Tribe’s Amerindian allies also had to be digested. For data on the early stages of the invasion, I relied heavily upon doctorial dissertations by Caucasian male scholars and on documents, books and articles prepared by Caucasian male

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