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THE TREATY OF 1752

The Treaty of 1752 was signed on November 22, 1752 between governor Peregrine Thomas Hopson and Chief Jean Baptiste Cope.

Major Jean Baptiste Cope, Chief Sachem, of the Chibenaccadie Tribe of Mick Mack Indians, Inhabiting the Eastern Coast of the said Province, and Andrew Hadley Martin, Gabriel Martin and Francis Jeremiah, Members and Delegates of the said Tribe, for themselves and their said Tribe, their Heirs and the Heirs of their Heirs forever....

1. It is agreed, that the Articles of Submission and Agreement, made at Boston, in New England by the Delegates of the Penobscot, Norridgwalk, and St. Johns Indians in the year 1725, Ratified and Confirmed by all of the Nova Scotia Tribes, at Annapolis Royal in the month of June, 1726, and lately Renewed with Governor Cornwallis at Halifax, and Ratified at St. Johns River, now read over, Explained and Interpreted shall be and are, from this time forward, renewed, reiterated and forever confirmed by them and their Tribe....

2. That, all Transactions during the late War shall on both sides be buried in
Oblivion with the Hatchet. And that the said Indians shall have all favour,
Friendship and Protection shewn them, from this His Majesty-s Government....

3. That, the said Tribe shall use their utmost endeavours to bring in the other Indians to
Renew and Ratify this Peace....

4. It is agreed, that the said Tribe of Indians shall not be hindered from, but have
free liberty of Hunting and Fishing as usual and that if they shall think a Truckhouse
needful at the River Chibenaccadie, or any other place of their resort, they shall
have the same built and proper Merchandise lodged therein, to be exchanged
for what the Indians shall haveto dispose of, and that in the meantime the said
Indians shall have free liberty to bring for Sale to Halifax, or any other Settlement
within this Province, Skins, Feathers, Fowl, Fish, or any other thing they shall
have to sell, where they shall have liberty to dispose thereof to the best advantage.

5. That, a Quantity of bread, flour, and such other Provisions as can be procured,
necessary for the Familys, and proportionable to the number of the said Indians,
shall be given them half yearly for the time to come....

6. That, to Cherish a good harmony and mutual Correspondence between the
said Indians and this Government....Peregrine Thomas Hopson...hereby promises,
on the part of His Majesty, that the said Indians shall upon the first day of October
Yearly, so long as they shall Continue in Friendship, Receive Presents of Blankets,
Tobacco, some Powder and Shott, and the said Indians promise once every year,
upon the said first of October, to come by themselves, or their Delegates and Receive
the said Presents and Renew their Friendship and Submissions.

7. That, the Indians shall use their best Endeavours to save the lives and goods of any People Shipwrecked on this Coast where they resort, and shall Conduct the People saved to Halifax with their Goods, and a Reward adequate to the Salvage shall be given them.

8. That, all Disputes whatsoever that may happen to arise between the Indians
now at Peace, and others His Majesty's Subjects in this Province, shall be
tryed in His Majesty's Court of Civil Judicature, where the Indians shall have
the same Benefit, Advantage and Privileges as any other of His Majesty's Subjects.

The treaty also contained all the demeaning provisions that the British had included in previous treaties. There were, however, the usual contradictions. For instance, the Colonial Council in 1749 had stated that it could not declare war upon the Mi'kmaq because to do so would be to recognize them as a free and independent people, yet Section 2 declares that this treaty ends the war.

Click to read an April 19, 1996 Hearld column about Chief Kopit: http://www.danielnpaul.com/Col/1996/Mi'kmaqChiefKopit-TrueHero.html

Click to read about Mi'kmaq Culture

Click to read about American Indian Genocide

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